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Russian POSITIONAL VERBS

Let's talk about one of traditionally difficult group of verbs - POSITIONAL VERBS. 

Those verbs describe different positions of a person or an object - SITTING DOWN, STANDING, LAYING DOWN, PUTTING DOWN - and moving to those positions.
They are frequently used, so it's a good reason to use them correctly. 

Do you know when you'd need to use: 
ВСТАЮ, СТОЮ или СТАВЛЮ?
ЛОЖУСЬ, ЛЕЖУ, ПОЛОЖУ или КЛАДУ?
Not sure? And could never figure it out? 
Then please take a look at my infographics and see if it makes sense. 
Briefly, if you want to use them correctly, think in those steps:

  • Look at the SUBJECT of the sentence: is it КТО or ЧТО?

Look at the SUBJECT of the sentence: is it КТО or ЧТО?
If a subject is A THING (вещь, ЧТО), then use ВИСИТ for the hanging objects (to hang, to be)
СТОИТ for the vertical objects (to stand, to be)
ЛЕЖИТ for the horizontal objects (to lie, to be) 
(there are some exceptions for that, - of course!)
Examples: Стол стоит в углу. Ковер лежит на полу. 
Картина висит на стене. 

  • If a subject is a PERSON (КТО), then think about a VERB:
    is this verb describe a position in STATIC or 
    CHANGING a position?

if the verb describes a position in STATIC, then use:
СИДЕТЬ for sitting
СТОЯТЬ for standing
ЛЕЖАТЬ for lying
Examples: Я стою в углу. Я лежу на полу. Я сижу 
за столом. 

if the verb describes CHANGING a position, then look at 2 features:

  • If a person changing HIS OWN position or a position of an OBJECT? 
  • If this changing of position is IN PROGRESS or it's ENDED.

If a person is changing his own position + it's in progress, then use:
ВСТАВАТЬ for standing up 
САДИТЬСЯ for sitting down 
ЛОЖИТЬСЯ for lying down
Examples: Я обычно встаю в 7 утра, а ложусь в 10 
вечера. Я уже сажусь в поезд!

If a person finished changing his own position, then use: 
ВСТАТЬ for stood up 
СЕСТЬ for sat down
ЛЕЧЬ for lay down
Examples: Сегодня я встал в 6 утра, а вчера лёг в 
12 ночи. Я уже сел в поезд!

If a person is changing a position of an object + it's in progress, then use: 
СТАВИТЬ for putting a vertical object 
КЛАСТЬ for putting a horizontal object
ВЕШАТЬ for hanging an object
Examples: Я ставлю книги на полку. Я кладу вещи 
в сумку. Я вешаю одежду в шкаф. 

If a person finished changing a position of an object, then use: 
ПОСТАВИТЬ for putting a vertical object 
ПОЛОЖИТЬ for putting a horizontal object
ПОВЕСИТЬ for hanging an object
Examples: Я поставила книги на полку. Я 
положила вещи в сумку. Я повесила одежду в 
шкаф. 

Hope that helps 🙂

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